Media Hindustan Biography : Narendra Damodardas Modi, (born 17 September 1950, Vadnagar, India), rose to become an Indian politician and senior leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). In 2014, he led his party to the Lok Sabha elections, after which he was sworn in as the Prime Minister of India. Prior to this, he served as the Chief Minister of the state of Gujarat in Western India (2001–14).
Early life and political career ( PM Modi Biography)
Modi was raised in a small town in Gujarat, and completed his (MA) degree in Political Science from Gujarat University in Ahmedabad. He joined the organization of the Hindutva Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) in the early 1970s. And established the Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad, a unit of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh students in his area. Modi rapidly increased the hierarchy of RSS, and his association with the organization greatly benefited his later political career.
Modi joined the BJP in 1987, and a year later he was made the General Secretary of the Gujarat branch of the party. He had a significant contribution in strengthening the party’s presence in the state in the succeeding years. In 1990, Modi was one of the BJP members participating in a coalition government in the state, and he helped the BJP succeed in the 1995 state assembly elections. In March, the party gave permission to form a BJP-controlled government for the first time. The BJP’s control of the Indian state government was for a relatively short time, however, send in September 1996.
As the Chief Minister of Gujarat
In 1995, Modi was made the secretary of the BJP’s national organization in New Delhi and three years later he was appointed its general secretary. Remained in that office for three years, but in October 2001, he replaced Patel, Chief Minister of Gujarat, BJP member Keshubhai Patel, after which Patel was blamed for the state government’s poor response to the massive earthquake in Gujarat. Was held responsible. Earlier that year more than 20,000 people were killed. In February 2002 by-election, Modi entered his first election contest.
After this Modi’s political career remained a mixture of deep controversy and self-publicized achievements. His role as Chief Minister was particularly questioned during the 2002 communal riots in Gujarat. He was accused of condoning violence. To prevent the killing of more than 1,000 people, mostly Muslims, after the deaths of dozens of Hindu travelers when their train was set on fire in the city of Godhra. In 2005 the United States refused to issue him diplomatic visas on the grounds that he was responsible for the 2002 riots, and the United Kingdom also criticized his role in 2002.
The judiciary or investigative agencies — some of their close associates — were convicted of complicity in the 2002 incidents and received lengthy prison sentences. Modi’s administration was also accused of involvement in the killings by police or other officials. In one such case in 2004, one woman and three men were involved in the deaths. Whose officials said they were members of and allegedly involved in Lashkar-e-Taiba (a Pakistan-based terrorist organization that was involved in the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks).
Modi’s repeated political success in Gujarat made him an indispensable leader in the BJP hierarchy. And led to their re-entry into the political mainstream. Under his leadership, the BJP won a crucial victory in the December 2002 assembly elections. In which 127 of the 182 seats of the Chamber won (including one for Modi). Presenting the manifesto for development in Gujarat,
The BJP was again victorious in the 2007 assembly elections, which had a total of 117 seats, and the party again won 115 seats in the 2012 elections. Both times Modi won his elections and returned as Chief Minister. During his time as the head of the Gujarat government, Modi established a distinguished reputation as a qualified administrator. And he was credited for the rapid development of the state’s economy. Also, his and the party’s electoral performance helped to advance Modi’s position. Because he was not only the most influential leader within the party. Rather, he was also a possible candidate for Prime Minister of India. In June 2013, Modi was chosen as the leader of the BJP’s campaign for the 2014 Lok Sabha elections.
Prime Minister’s post
After a vigorous campaign, Modi portrayed himself as a candidate who revolved around India’s weak economy. In which BJP won seats with a clear majority in the chamber. Modi was sworn in as Prime Minister on 26 May 2014. Soon after assuming office, his government initiated campaign reforms to improve infrastructure in India and liberalize regulations on foreign direct investment in the country. Modi achieved two important diplomatic achievements during his tenure. In mid-September, he hosted the visit of Chinese President Jinping. For the first time in eight years a Chinese leader came to India. Later that month, after obtaining a US visa, Modi made a highly successful visit to New York City. Which also included a meeting with the US President.
As Prime Minister Modi overseen the promotion of Hindu culture and the implementation of economic reforms. The government appealed to Hindus on a large scale, such as an attempt to ban the sale of cows. Among the most far-reaching was the demonetisation and replacement of 500- and 1,000-rupee banknotes with only a few hours notice. Its purpose was to stop “black money”. Which was used for illegal activities. Which made it difficult to exchange large amounts of money. The government centralized the consumption tax system by implementing Goods and Services Tax (GST), slowing GDP growth with these changes. However growth was already high (8.2 percent in 2015). And were successful in expanding the tax base of the government. Nevertheless, the rising cost of living and rising unemployment disappointed many.
At the end of 2018, there was disappointment among voters during elections in five states. The BJP lost in all five states including the BJP strongholds of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh. The rival Indian National Congress (Congress Party) won more state assembly seats than the BJP in all five elections. Many observers believed that this was bad news for Modi and the BJP in the national elections scheduled for the spring of 2019, but others believed that Modi’s charisma would excite voters. In addition, a security crisis in Jammu and Kashmir in February 2019, which escalated tensions with Pakistan to the highest point in decades, boosted Modi’s image just months before the election. During the campaign, the BJP dominated the airplanes – unlike Rahul Gandhi and the Congress campaign of the BJP – the BJP came back to power, and Modi became the first Prime Minister of India outside the Congress Party after a full term.